7.1. Praktyka dla serca i umysłu

Witryna w przebudowie

Strona w budowie

Exercise 39. Let us provide synonyms for the verbs below. Learning to decide between our variables ON and IN, we can use the Infinitive with the Progressive. Chapter 2.1 presents the Infinitive. Appendix 1 lays out the basics about verbs.

Example: to think


ON ― to consider, to believe
IN ― to be cerebrating, to be pondering

1. to see; 2. to expect; 3. to taste; 4. to feel; 5. to value; 6. to consider; 7. to smell;
to prize; 9. to look; 10. to ponder; 11. to mind; 12. to remember; 13. to denote;
to import; 15. to touch; 16. to mark; 17. to express; 18. to observe; 19. to figure;
to typify.

Exercise 40. Naturally, our answers do not have to be identical. Humans differ in stative verb use. Please try to paraphrase the verbs and tell where we could take the ING, and where we would mostly stay ON our cognitive extents.

1. to hold; 2. to consist; 3. to keep; 4. to appear; 5. to indicate; 6. to argue; 7. to suggest; 8. to signify; 9. to matter; 10. to concern.

Exercise 41. What impressions do you have when you think about advertising phrases as I’m lovin’ it?

Exercise 42. We continue comparing variables ON and IN. Now we have only part the arrow cues. We can check on using the cues in Chapter 5.1. We are staying in the PAST. The story has a little ambiguity: in everyday circumstances, we may need to keep our time reference even against unusual wording.

Link to chapter 5.1. Visuals for logic and expression

Our story is about the Greenshank’s closest relative, the Greater Yellowlegs, meeting the Lesser Yellowlegs.

Greater Yellowlegs

The tale is a little inspired with Aristotle (regarding criticism on Aristotle, feel welcome to the grammar book information) and intended to be mildly humorous. A self-respecting story tells about animals or objects that think and talk, not about humans ascribed animal or object features. Such is our story. The birds really have different songs.

Exercise 42__Example

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Exercise 43. We compare the features ON and IN, but with all our time extents (PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE). As there is more language logic to manage, we have all arrow cues. Our next story is about a creature from Cimmerian Bosporus, the dayfly.

Exercise 43__Example

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From the key: We can perceive the verb WILL as referring to the PRESENT or the FUTURE:

I sure will not answer this! ~ I have no wish to answer this. {PRESENT}

This morning will be becoming broad daylight, and this day will become a night. ~ This is what is going to happen. {FUTURE}

The verb to become has had a role in language history. We can make better acquaintance with it further in the travel. We can interpret the word “day” as 24 hours on Earth, daytime, a time, age, or even an epoch. I hope you do your dictionary work (!)

__Smiley PNG

Exercise 44. We can look to Time and Expression. Chapter 5 introduces to Expression.

Link to chapter 5. The Affirmative, Interrogative, and Negative

When we want to deny something, we can use the Negative. We can distinguish a Negative with the letter N.

Letter N

When we want to ask a question, we can use the Interrogative. We can distinguish an Interrogative with the question mark.

Question mark

First, we can place our story mostly in the PRESENT. We name this manner to tell a story the dramatic narrative. Then, we can take the story to the PAST. This should help us see how our time capacities can work.

Our story can be about the westerly, the kind of wind to happen to rise in oceans. Westerlies can influence the weather. Some scientists have blamed splits in westerly flows for record-breaking cold or hot temperatures. Some observers even suspected extraterrestrial or supernatural influences over the weather, while it was … a westerly.

We have only part the arrow cues. The way we are using our darts now may change a little with our grammar theory of relativity. Our theory is not about physics or families: it is about language form.

Exercise 44_Example

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We can take our story into the grammatical PAST now. Please try to focus on the verb WILL.

Answer: The westerly wind rose in the high seas. Its resilient body of air gave its first sough.

1. It came to the land and felt a difference. Now, the high Ocean was the past and the land had become the present.

2. The shore delineated the past and the present. It was the limit for both. The wind was playing with the matter and frolicking into eddies.

Please mind: our features are not options. They can work together. We can use the variable ON for an activity that gets on the map, while something else is happening: The wester was swirling, when the thought about the future came to it.


We can imagine a westerly wind frolicking into an eddy. “Into” may mean “to the condition, state, or form of” (after ahdictionary.com). We can envision our grammatical logic as interconnected.

We can view our grammar as logically connected

We can merge our variables IN and TO. What is going to be our new, merged variable? Feel welcome to further journey.

Link to chapter 8. The Perfect and Progressive merger2

Feel welcome to tell me what you think

Feel welcome to tell me what you think, it is my cup of tea to answer. Feedback is posted only upon consent.


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