6.5. Prawdziwe słówka i rama czasowa

Strona w budowie

Exercise 37. We have our time frames for our guidance. Overall, we can choose between the Simple and the Perfect, in the PAST time compass. Please put the verb in the form for the grammatical PAST extent and give the arrow cue along with the mapping value. In language, we can seek inspiration with words. Let it be a simple chair this time.

Exercise 37__Example

If we feel we could be better off writing entire answers, we can do so without looking to others. Writing belongs with human fine motor behavior. It is important in integrating language skills.

Exercise 37__Sample answer

Exercise 37__Task1

Exercise 37__Task2

Exercise 37__Task3

Exercise 37__Task4

Exercise 37__Task5

Art is thinking about a new job. Routines of predetermined beginning and end are not his nature. He realizes his responsibilities and, at the same time, he knows he deserves a career of his own. Eva’s work has been her passion. She wants to support the family, and he feels like speaking with her. With language work, we also can learn to negotiate: we contend the arguments and not the people, for that.

Could we look up the Amtrak Unlimited, Yale, and Harvard over the Internet? Can we comprehend words like incontrovertibility, if our dictionary does not have them? There are sample hints down this page.

Exercise 38. Please draw the time frames, tell the map values (ON, IN, or TO) and time extents (PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE).

Exercise 38__Example

Exercise 38__Task1

Exercise 38__Task2

Exercise 38__Task3

Exercise 38__Task4

Exercise 38__Task5

Miniature books belong with arts. Their scopes may be the same as of standard volumes. They are smaller because they are miniaturized. Chantelle’s miniature book is one of the biggest sizes ― it is three inches square.

The “thinktionary” is a coined word. We can compare it with the word “dictionary”. Our exercises will have more and more words, especially if we size up Part One. Good language skills require vast mental lexicons, and these can be creative or multilingual. We can expand our lexicons with small notebooks of words and word associations. Everyone can have own thinktionaries. Have we met Chantelle already?


We do not have to use Past Perfect forms whenever anything happened earlier or preceded something else. We would need millions of past tense forms to speak about Old English, thinking only about the days and years since those times.

Amtrak Unlimited is an Amtrak forum for rail passengers.

Harvard and Yale are two very prominent and competitive American universities.

We can interpret incontrovertibility by the word build. The American Heritage online will show the word in·con·tro·vert·ible and explain that the verb to con·tro·vert may mean „to raise arguments against; voice opposition to”.

We look up the parts in– and –ibility. The particle in– may negate. The particle –ibility can work with a noun and connote “an ability, inclination, or suitability”.

However, the particle in– may also mean „having the function of”. We can look up words such as „inbound” or “incant”. Inflammable materials or substances can be highly flammable.

The verb to controvert derives from the noun controversy. The noun consists of the particles contro– and versus. Contro– or contra– can connote “against, opposite, contrasting”. The particle in– does not work in the sense “into” or “within” with the particle con–.

The American Heritage dictionary can tell that incontrovertibility relates to the adjective incontrovertible, meaning “impossible to dispute, unquestionable”. In·con·tro·vert·i·ble·ness is another, probable form. We can guess that Art Veltall’s mother-in-law may be a person difficult — but not impossible — to persuade or influence. His wife Jin is some personality, too.

Read how to use the American Heritage dictionary.

We do not need to memorize word build. Just browsing dictionaries and reading the language information about words, we might get even surprised with how much we remember and “intuitively” use.

Feel welcome to further journey.

Link to chapter 7. Love, hate, and paths with time

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