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Exercise 7. To get along with our language patterns at school, we can combine the time reference and the grammar label. We have given much focus to the Aspect. Let us try to think time first, to make our language natures flexible.
Example: pattern 1
Answer: the Present Progressive
We can figure out figure out the remaining options, thinking about our Big Chart (Chapter 3.3).
Please remember about our mind practice from Chapter 1.2. Good grammar is about flexible thinking habits (!)
Exercise 8. We can practice associating the auxiliary and the pattern, the syntax we need to express our reference to grammatical time. We can begin with “saying” the answers in our thoughts only, as in our mind practice.
With progress, we will not need to imagine saying or writing entire words in our thoughts forever. Our human brains can make inner language habits that work more efficiently. We only begin with “saying” and „seeing” in our minds, writing, and comparing. When we think about the sound and shape of a word, we can say we conceptualize it.
We “say” and „see” in our thoughts as fast as possible, “without thinking”, at best.
6. will be
7. will have
Exercise 9. Auxiliaries be and have may build the Progressive and the Perfect patterns. However, they have the same forms for the grammatical person when they are head verbs. Let us practice them for the time extent (PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE) with the persons. As in exercise 3, we can write “all persons” where our important language forms remain the same. It is not wrong to have language work for an important activity.
Example: have in the PRESENT
Answer: I, you, we, they have <<>> he, she, it has
1. be in the PRESENT
2. have in the FUTURE
3. be in the PAST
4. be in the FUTURE
5. have in the PAST
Exercise 10. Let us try the patterns from exercise 8 with the virtual bimo. It is a virtual “regular verb” and makes the second and third forms with ―ED. Mind first, let us only think the answers. We write them when we have done the thinking for the entire exercise, to compare exercise 8.
The task is the same as in exercise 8.
Exercise 11. We can expand our focus and think about the grammatical person as well. We can write “all persons” where the forms remain the same. Doing our thinking, we can place the person last, to exercise flexibility.
Example: be in the PRESENT
Answer: am bimoing, I
are bimoing, you, we, they
is bimoing, he, she, it
1. have in the PAST
2. have in the FUTURE
3. be in the FUTURE
4. be in the PAST
5. have in the PRESENT
Exercise 12. We can tell the core word in the pattern first. Then we label the pattern, Aspect first.
Example: am / is / are bimoing
Answer: be, Progressive in the PRESENT
1. have / has bimoed
2. was / were bimoing
3. will be bimoing
4. had bimoed
5. will have bimoed