10.4. Dalszy trening dla rozmowy w czasie rzeczywistym

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Link to chapter 10. Modal__Conditional or Unreal PastExercise 63. We do not need to comprehend the word “if” as belonging with Form Relativity only. We can underline the “if” we might change for “whether”.

Link to chapter 10.3. Prep workout for real-time talk with Modals

We can use abbreviated auxiliaries, to practice spoken comprehension. We also can reorder the phrases as well as use Inversion, for style and flexibility. Compare 10.3, for the context.

Example:

She did not know if she was right.

Answer:

She did not know whether she was right.

Example:

If he hadn’t been busy, he would’ve remembered about the coffee.

Answer:

Hadn’t he been busy, he would’ve remembered about the coffee.

Alternately:

Had he not been busy, he would have remembered about the coffee.

1.

If she weren’t reading the calligraphic, she’d be sleeping.

2.

If he was writing, reading, or talking, the colloquium had him busy all the time.

3.

If he hadn’t heard from Bill then, he’d be writing him a letter now.

4.

If it weren’t such a good quality, she’d think it a mere prank.

5.

If it sustains the quality throughout, it’ll compare with the Bodleian Horace.

6.

They will / can see in the library, if they have the Medici print.

7.

If it weren’t so conscientious, he’d throw it in that Babbitt’s garden next door.

8.

If it proves necessary, she’ll have it carbon dated.

9.

If it is as good as it looks, it might be of worth even as just a calligraphic.

10.

If it hadn’t been deprived of the front matter, it would be easier to find out who made it.

Further journey brings the Causative and the Passive, our “have it carbon dated” in example 8, and “had been deprived” in example 10.

Exercise 64. We can use the word “if” in the sense of the word “when”. Grammar resources present Conditional patterns as a premise, a mediating Modal verb, and the result or consequent. Matters can work the same with Form Relativity.

PREMISE__MODAL__RESULT

Some grammar books tell the Zero Conditional as the pattern without any mediating Modal. We can stay by a parallel time reference, styling our language. We may choose to speak or write premise as well as result first.

IF YOU BIMO__YOU THIMO

Let us remember we may fare with various Modals and auxiliary time can give us dimension. Bald eagles can fly above clouds (!)

HAD I BIMOED__I WOULD HAVE THIMOEDLink to the color code and virtual words

Link to chapter 6.3. Lexicon practice

The exercise is not grammatically difficult. As in exercises 33 and 34, let us think how we would say the answers. We can use “if”, meaning “when”.

Example:

If you provision in the condition, may stipulation take the position.

Answer:

When you provision in the condition, may stipulation take the position.

1.

You’ll make your adage suit, if you toot the root in the foot.

2.

If the comma won’t curse or ban, a dot might bid the span.

3.

If the verb does not adjust, the pronoun must never entrust.

4.

If a Modal will emend, diction can commend a robust complement.

5.

If meanings collate and debate, may syntax negotiate.

Exercise 65. It is most often up to ourselves to decide, whether we use Form Relativity, or mediate our language structures with Modals at all. The arrows show the target time extent. The key has a few alternate answers.

Feel welcome to compare book formats.

Link to formats page

Exercise 65__Example

Exercise 65__Task1

Exercise 65__Task2

Exercise 65__Task3

Exercise 65__Task4

Exercise 65__Task5

Exercise 66. Let us be back with the grain of sand. The word “if” is not the only word to help make hypotheses. Let us try the words “as” and “when”. We can use “as” or “when” rather than “if”, provided that our connotations allow it. We can know the study of meaning as semantics.

Exercise 66__Example

Exercise 66__Task1

Exercise 66__Task2

Exercise 66__Task3

Exercise 66__Task4

Exercise 66__Task5

Exercise 67. We can accompany Jim Colderstone in spring Alaska straight. Alaska has the largest population of bald eagles in the USA. We can mark Modality with the symbol M. We do not have to use a Modal everywhere the symbol M is. We can use more than one Modal where the symbol M is, too. We are in the PRESENT.

PRESENT EXTENT__MODALITY

Let us include Expression.

The exercise is open-ended:

no one can or may ever prescribe a real and live language.

When Jim ran into the office at the beginning of our journey (Chapter 6), Jill was not there. She left him a letter, before going on her Paris vacation. We cannot demand insight into private correspondence. The exercise only renders the message, in a mystified way. Working with friends, we can try to guess what Jill might have written after a minor discord. Please mind that wild theories cannot do for real language work.

Exercise 67__Example

Exercise 67__Task1

Exercise 67__Task3

Exercise 67__Task4

Exercise 67__Task5

Let us take our story to the PAST time extent.

Naturally, you would not have the ambition to be the colder stone if you could be in winter Alaska yourself.

Alternate:

Naturally, you would not have had the ambition to be the colder stone if you could have been in the winter Alaska yourself.

The alternate can “anchor” our discourse in some specific time span. The time-anchored alternate would say, “then, that time, that winter”. Let us remember the individual perspective we may have picked about Huckleberry Finn.

The key offers answers. Feel welcome to compare book formats.

Link to formats page

From the key: Grammar books vary so vastly in guidance on Modal verbs and the Conditional or Unreal Past that we may feel we need a comparison. When we work out own, independent perspectives, we become able to use our language logic consistently. We need to be consistent, to be correct.

1.

MODAL MEDIATION in the PRESENT

It may / can be enough that you go EPIC terrestrial and you may / can see that the temperatures would favor a Colderstone for the role.

FORM RELATIVITY in the PRESENT

It could / might / would be enough that you went EPIC terrestrial and you would / could see that the temperatures might / would favor a Colderstone for the role.

2ND CONDITIONAL REFERENCE

If you went EPIC terrestrial, you would / could see that the temperatures might / would favor a Colderstone for the role.

NO MODAL MEDIATION or FORM RELATIVITY in the PRESENT

It is enough that you go EPIC terrestrial and you see that the temperatures favor a Colderstone for the role.

ZERO CONDITIONAL REFERENCE

If / When / As you go EPIC terrestrial, you see that the temperatures favor a Colderstone for the role.

We can refer our discourse generally to the PAST.

1.

It was enough that you went EPIC terrestrial and you could see that the temperatures would favor a Colderstone for the role.

Example of an alternate: It was enough that you went EPIC terrestrial and you saw that the temperatures favored a Colderstone for the role.

We can „anchor” our discourse in the PAST.

1.

It was enough that you went EPIC terrestrial and you could see that the temperatures would have favored a Colderstone for the role.

Please mind, our Relativity is linguistic. Auxiliary time is relative to the main or head time. When we make hypotheses, we shift word form in a principled way: past forms tell about the present, present forms about the future, and we use antecedent forms to tell about the past. The shift shows a relative reference because it is regular.

LINGUISTIC FORM RELATIVITY

Feel welcome to continue with the language story in Part Three (!)

Part Three of the language
voyage can bring

Jill’s library in plain canvas ― the speech part and the determiner manner and matter

Chantelle’s travel to the Book Cliffs ― verbal nouns and other ways of syntax to the notional time

as well as many, many more components

of our language landscape . . .

Feel welcome to continue with the journey (!)

Link to all paths of Part 2

Llink to all paths of part 1

PART 2 PREVIEW

Feel welcome to tell me what you think

Feel welcome to tell me what you think, it is my cup of tea to answer. Feedback is posted only upon consent.

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